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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 171-175

Aqueous beetroot juice extract improves renal function and some biochemical parameters in carbon tetrachloride-induced toxicity in sprague dawley rats


Department of Medical Biochemistry, College of Medical Sciences, School of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Benin, Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Fidelis Ehidiamen Olumese
Department of Medical Biochemistry, College of Medical Sciences, School of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Benin, Benin City, Edo State
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/atp.atp_38_20

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Background: The ability of plant extracts to improve toxicity in the kidney is gaining attention. This may be due to the untoward effects and high cost of orthodox drugs used for the management of kidney disease, therefore, the use of aqueous beetroot juice as a potential ameliorative agent was evaluated. Materials and Methods: Group 1 received 2 ml/kg distilled water (normal control); Group II received 2 ml/kg olive oil; Group III received 2 ml/kg carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) in olive oil 48 hourly (negative control); Group IV received 2 ml/kg CCl4 in olive oil and 250 mg/kg of beetroot/day; Group V received 2 ml/kg CCl4 in olive oil and 500 mg/kg of beetroot/day; and Group VI received 2 ml/kg CCl4 in olive oil and 100 mg/kg silymarin/day (positive control) for 14 days. Animals were euthanized, and blood was collected for the evaluation of electrolytes, urea, and creatinine, whereas the kidney tissue was assessed for histopathological changes. Results: There was a significant (P < 0.05) decrease in the level of K + in the group of rats administered 250 mg and 500 mg/kg of aqueous beetroot extract, when compared to negative control. The levels of Na + were reduced in the treated groups when compared to normal control. There were no significant changes in Cl − levels in all the group of animals. The urea levels decreased in the groups treated with extract or silymarin, and a similar trend of creatinine was observed in the groups administered beetroot extract. However, creatinine concentration was significantly (P < 0.05) increased in the group of rats administered only silymarin when compared to other groups. Histopathological evaluation revealed that the tubular necrosis observed in the kidney was ameliorated after beetroot juice administration. Conclusion: Beetroot juice showed nephroprotective effects against CCl4-induced renal toxicity.


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